Signing a contract with an employer, read it carefully and find what employee benefits you are eligible for if you get fired or laid off or quit by yourself.
A Smart Way to Quit
There are some basic rules to follow if you are determined to leave. First of all, provide your company about your intention in a two weeks notice. Another way is to talk to your boss in person. It's not an easy but very effective way to make yourself clear about leaving. Try to keep positive and warm relationships with your supervisors, you might need them to right letters of recommendation for you in the future. Sometimes a letter of resignation can be required. Compose a decent one with the help of online samples.
If You Happen to be Fired
Anyone can get fired all of a sudden. The reasons might be diverse: a personal conflict with some of your supervisors, a bad match between you, the company and the tasks you have to fulfill, etc. Even if you are fired, there is little personal in it, and you don't have to blame yourself for it. It only means that this wasn't the right job for you.
Surviving a Lay-Off
Even the best employees can get a lay off. Try to learn beforehand what benefits you are eligible for as a terminated employee, these can be health insurance, unemployment insurance or pension benefits. As a rule, a company is not obliged to offer you any severance package, but it may simply want to.
For whatever reason you leave, the state federal law entitles you to receive a certain set of benefits. Request information what benefits your company opts to provide you with. These may be accrued vacation, sick and overtime pay, unemployment insurance or severance pay. Feel free to ask about all this. And if needed, address the State Department of Labor for further details.