It's quiet typical of employers to demand a resume from the applicants. However, a Curriculum Vitae (CV) might be used in a number of cases instead of a resume. As a rule, application for scientific, research or educational positions requires a CV, as well as application for various grants and fellowships.
Looking for a job outside the U.S., be ready to send a CV, not a resume. A great number of employers in Europe and Asia expect you to include some personal information in a CV, for example place and date of birth. Although, inside the United States, there is a law regulating what info you may be asked to include into a resume, this does not work for employers abroad.
Mind the Difference
Being close in contents, a CV and a resume have got a number of essential differences. In general, a CV is longer than a resume, it contains a brief description of a person's education and research experience, a list of publications, honors and awards. This might occur that for different jobs you would need different types of a CV.
No need to say, that a CV includes some typical information, like your name, contacts, education, work experience and basic skills. Unlike in a resume, a CV is more detailed. You may dwell upon the most important points in your professional career, that is grants and fellowships, diplomas and licenses or being a member of a certain association. Any person's background information may be structured and well organized, try to do your best and don't forget to mention the dates of this or that event or period.
The Internet is full of advice how to write a CV. The easiest way to achieve a great result is to insert your own information into ready samples. Use jobofmine.com or other career websites to download CV samples. Use professionals' counsel how to write a top CV and get the job that's right for you.